Common Structural Steel Building Components

structural steel framework inside a buildingStructural steel is a type of carbon steel that has up to 2.1% carbon in its makeup. This material is impressively strong, while also lightweight, flexible, and easily fabricated. It also is relatively inexpensive compared to other materials. Add up these unique factors and it’s easy to understand why structural steel is one of the most popular materials used for constructing buildings, bridges, ships, and other structures. Here are some popular structural steel components that are used in construction projects:

Structural Steel Beams

Steel beams form the basis of many different types of structures. They typically feature a central section called the web with two tapering flanges at each end, forming an “I” shape. In fact, the steel beam referred to in this description is called an I-beam. However, there are many different types of steel beams including H-beams, which have non-tapering edges and are stronger and heavier than I-beams, and T-beams, whose single flange makes them ideal for reinforcing structures.

Structural Steel Channels

Similar to beams but with flanges that extend from only one side of the web, structural steel channels have a flat surface on the side opposite the flanges. C-channels, U-channels, and similar components are typically used for bracing and support rather than load-bearing applications, with the flat side being bolted to flat surfaces of the main structure.

Bearing Piles

Structural steel bearing piles have a similar shape to beams, but with a uniform thickness across the web and flanges. The primary application of bearing piles is to support vertical loads. To do so, they are often driven deep into the ground to provide a stable foundation for the structure.

Structural Steel Angles

As the name suggests, steel angles have an angular shape that makes them a versatile component for constructing towers, bridges, and other structures. The most basic steel angle is the L-shape, which consists of two lengths of steel forming a 90-degree angle, but steel angles can be much more complex. Hollow structural sections (HSS), for example, have multiple angles to form square or rectangular shapes, which allow multi-dimensional load-bearing support.

Structural Steel Plate

Steel plate, a material akin to sheet metal but thicker, has countless applications. It can be used in ship hulls, storage tanks, and foundations for bridges and buildings.

Structural Steel & Plate Fabrication Technology

Because it is so versatile, structural steel is in high demand across a range of industries. Professional fabricators who specialize in structural steel production need the right equipment to stay on top of the competition. That’s why so many of them choose BeamCut—the industry’s leading robotic plasma cutting technology for structural steel and plate fabrication. This revolutionary machine features:

  • A six-axis FANUC robotic arm that can bevel 360 degrees and is three times stronger than the industry standard
  • X-Definition Hypertherm plasma, one of the most powerful plasma systems available
  • User-friendly CNC controls that prevent cutting mistakes and automate production

BeamCut is so advanced that it can reduce production time in your shop by as much as 80%, delivering a significant return on investment.

To learn more about the power of BeamCut and how this remarkable CNC beam machine can take your structural steel fabrication shop to the next level of success, contact us today.