Types of Beams in Construction

various metal beams making up the framework of a building under constructionIntegral components of nearly any type of building, construction beams are tasked with supporting the weight of the structure. In fact, most beams are made from structural steel, an alloy that is particularly effective at withstanding shear forces, bending moments, and vertical loads. Steel beams come in a wide variety of profiles to support a structure’s unique architecture and other building materials. Let’s take a look at some of the most popular types of beams used in the construction industry.

Universal Beam

Otherwise known as I-beams due to the shape created by their webs and flanges, universal beams typically form the core structure of a building and support trusses and other framework.

Trussed Beam

A trussed beam is actually a framework of braces that support a central beam. The extra support allows trussed beams to withstand greater force, which is why they are often used in the construction of buildings that span longer than 25 meters.

Lattice Beam

Lattice girders are so called because of the lattice-like appearance of the web. This design means lattice beams are lighter than other types of beams, and they create an interesting visual element.

Hollow Steel Section (HSS) Beams

Featuring a hollow cross section, HSS beams come in different shapes, including circular, square, and elliptical. The hollow cross section design makes these beams particularly effective at resisting torsion and lateral torsional buckling.

How Structural Steel Beams Are Fabricated

The types of beams listed above are just four examples of common profiles. Others include T-beams, angle beams, U-channel beams, and C-channel beams. Structural steel and plate fabrication shops that specialize in beam production use state-of-the-art plasma cutting technology like BeamCut to maintain high standards of workmanship. BeamCut—the industry’s most advanced structural steel and plate fabrication technology—is equipped with:

  • FANUC robotics – The six-axis robotic arm can bevel 360 degrees and process nearly any shape or profile.
  • Hypertherm X-Definition plasma – Hypertherm’s legendary plasma system is one of the most powerful of its kind.
  • CNC software – BeamCut’s user-friendly CNC interface is fully loaded with a robust library of shapes and also includes a CAD environment for custom profiles.

Benefits of This Impressive Beam Coping Machine

Thanks to BeamCut’s advanced features and automated operations, this CNC plasma cutting machine can improve cut quality, reduce wasted materials, and speed up production for structural steel and plate fabrication shops. In fact, BeamCut can reduce production time by as much as 80%—that’s a remarkable return on investment! And because it only requires one technician to operate, BeamCut can improve safety by minimizing material handling and help shop owners maintain a lean workforce.

Learn How BeamCut Can Take Your Shop to the Next Level of Success

If you own a structural steel and plate fabrication shop, and you’re looking for a solution to slow turnarounds and costly cutting mistakes, BeamCut is the advanced robotic plasma cutting technology you’ve been looking for. To learn more about how BeamCut can help you reach a new level of success, contact us today. When you do, be sure to ask about the free and unlimited lifetime support that will be included with your purchase.